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Learn English Suffixes, Part 2


This is our second lesson on learning English suffixes (See Learn English Suffixes, Part 1) which are combined with our previously learned English word roots and English prefixes to help us learn new English vocabulary. Below are groups 7 to 11, with examples for each suffix. Remember, there are many suffixes in each group, so you may need some time to learn all of them. Just try to learn a few at a time and eventually you will see and understand most of them through your everyday reading.

Group 7. Small: - icle, -cule, -ette, -let, -ling

a) A "particle" is a very small part of something or one very small piece, such as "a particle of dust".
b) A "molecule" is used in science to describe one part of a chemical element.
c) A "kitchenette" is a small kitchen, as you might find in some hotel rooms.
d) An "owlet" is a baby owl (a bird that comes out at night).
e) A "duckling" is a baby duck.

Group 8. Full of: -ous, -ulent

a) The word "joyous" describes a feeling when we're very happy or full of joy.
b) "Generous" describes someone who gives freely.
c) A "glorious" victory is when winning gives us a lot of glory.
d) The adjective "turbulent" describes the shaking and moving that is sometimes felt when you are on an airplane. It is the wind that causes "turbulence" (noun).
e) When someone tries to cheat you or they lie to you, you could say they are "a fraud". The things that they say, then, are "fraudulent".
Group 9. Made of: -en

a) A "wooden" object is something that is made of wood.
b) An "earthen" pot is made out of earth, also called clay.
Group 10. Relating to: -al, -an, -ary, -ic, -ical, -ine, -ish, -ly, -ular

a) Something from nature (noun) can be called "natural" (adjective).
b) Someone from Mexico or Canada would be called a "Mexican" or a "Canadian".
c) Something that is usual is called "ordinary".
d) An object that is made from metal or looks like it is made from metal is called "metallic".
e) A story or object from the past could be called "historical".
f) Something that is about men could be called "masculine" while something that is about women could be called "feminine".
g) Someone who acts like a child could be called "childish". This is not a good thing. (If someone is cute like a child, in a good way, that is called "child-like".)
Group 11. Direction: -ern, -ward

a) The direction to the east, or something that comes from the east, is called "eastern".
b) Something that comes from the north is called "northern".
c) To move to the front is to move "forward".
d) To look up is to look "upward".

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